Cheesy bread, Brazilian-style

cheesy brazilian bread Occasionally friends pass along a new-to-me recipe that I’m eager to try. Then the recipe sits in my email in-box as if I’m saving it for a rainy day.

Yesterday, it rained. So at last I pulled out a recipe for pão de queijo, a cheesy Brazilian bread made with tapioca starch and Parmesan.

I requested the recipe after a long chat with my sister in Seattle. When she told me about this  cheese bread that her friend Adriana makes, she continually elaborated on its gooey deliciousness. I knew I needed to make this bread.

cheesy brazilian bread torn apart A few days later, Adriana e-mailed me her recipe. She’s made it so many times that she provided instructions like a well-seasoned cook.

“Half a kilogram of tapioca starch (I usually get it from a Latin foods store where it usually comes from either Brazil called polvilho or Paraguay called almidón de mandioca). 2 cups of milk. Half a cup of oil (I prefer sunflower oil)…” Adriana’s instructions were clear, which was important since the main ingredient, tapioca starch (sometimes called tapioca flour), wasn’t something I’ve work with before. Yet the starch/flour has gained traction among gluten-free adherents and others looking for wheat flour alternatives. I easily found a bag of Bob’s Red Mill tapioca flour at a grocery store in Lafayette, California.

cheesy brazilian bread dough with egg and Parmesan mixture I followed Adriana’s instructions, which yielded a sticky, wet dough. To portion it, I had to dip two spoons in vegetable oil to be able to drop spoonfuls on buttered glass Pyrex baking pans. According to Adriana, this might have meant that my dough was too wet and that the flour or the freshly grated Parmesan I was using had too much liquid.

“The different brands of starch and different types of cheese make a difference,” she said. “At times it turns out too sticky and loose (especially if the cheese is too fresh, so use dry Parmesan), but sometimes it turns out more firm and just right.”

Even though the dough was wet and hard to handle, the resulting cheesy rolls were as addictive as popovers. After baking two Pyrex pans of rolls, I put the remaining dough in the refrigerator.  (Adriana advised against trying to bake too many at once because they won’t brown evenly in the oven, even if you rotate the pans.) cheesy brazilian bread portioned on baking pans The next day, I baked the dough in buttered muffin tins. The dough held its round shape much better than the day before and looked more like rolls. Maybe the time in the refrigerator allowed the tapioca starch to absorb more of the liquid? I’m not sure.

For this recipe, I stayed true to Adriana’s, although I did add cup measurements to her gram measurements. Voilà, cheesy goodness.

cheesy brazilian bread

Pao de queijo (Brazilian Cheesy Bread)
Prep time
Cook time
Total time
These cheesy rolls are a recipe from Brazilian native, Seattle resident Adriana Meharry She occasionally makes this recipe with goat cheese instead of Parmesan. To do so, add slightly less milk. Whole Adriana does not refrigerate her dough before baking, I find that cold dough is much easier to portion. The dough can be refrigerated for up to 5 days.
Recipe type: bread
Cuisine: Brazilian
Serves: 24
  • 500 grams / 4¼ cups tapioca starch (tapioca flour)
  • 4 grams / 1 teaspoon kosher salt
  • 480 grams / 2 cups whole milk
  • 105 grams / ½ cup vegetable oil
  • 3 large eggs
  • 200 grams / 2⅓ cups Parmesan cheese grated with a Microplane rasp
  1. Whisk together the tapioca starch and salt in a large, heat-proof mixing bowl.
  2. In a pot, bring the milk and oil to a boil. Pour over the tapioca and let rest until cool enough to handle.
  3. In a bowl, whisk the eggs and then mix in the cheese.
  4. Using your hands, start to knead the tapioca flour to form a dough. (It will be sticky.) Add half of the egg and cheese and knead until incorporated. Add the remaining egg and cheese and continue to knead until the dough is homogenous, with the exception of some small lumps of tapioca flour, about 10 minutes. (Alternatively, you can mix the dough using the paddle attachment of a Kitchen Aid mixer.) Refrigerate the dough until chilled, at least 2 hours or overnight.
  5. Arrange the oven so one rack is in the center and preheat to 375ºF. Generously butter two Pyrex pans or 12 muffin tins.
  6. Using oiled spoons, drop 2- to 3-tablespoon portions of dough onto the prepared pans or into muffin tins.
  7. Bake in the center of the oven, rotating the pans once, for 15 to 20 minutes or until golden brown. If the tops don’t brown, turn the oven to broil and broil for 1 minute.
  8. Pop the rolls out of the pans or tins. Re-butter the baking pans or tins and portion the remaining dough. (You may have to bake two more rounds to use all the dough, or you can refrigerate extra dough to bake the next day.) Serve warm.

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